OUC_SE 代码练习:CIFAR10

代码练习:CIFAR10

关于CIFAR10

  • 这是一个公告数据集,其中包含10个类别(‘airplane’, ‘automobile’, ‘bird’, ‘cat’, ‘deer’, ‘dog’, ‘frog’, ‘horse’, ‘ship’, ‘truck’)

  • 图片格式为:RGB3层颜色通道,每层颜色通道内的尺寸为32*32

构建模型

import torch
import torchvision
import torchvision.transforms as transforms
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F
import torch.optim as optim

# 使用GPU训练,可以在菜单 "代码执行工具" -> "更改运行时类型" 里进行设置
device = torch.device("cuda:0" if torch.cuda.is_available() else "cpu")

transform = transforms.Compose(
    [transforms.ToTensor(),
     transforms.Normalize((0.5, 0.5, 0.5), (0.5, 0.5, 0.5))])

# 注意下面代码中:训练的 shuffle 是 True,测试的 shuffle 是 false
# 训练时可以打乱顺序增加多样性,测试是没有必要
trainset = torchvision.datasets.CIFAR10(root='./data', train=True,
                                        download=True, transform=transform)
trainloader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(trainset, batch_size=64,
                                          shuffle=True, num_workers=2)

testset = torchvision.datasets.CIFAR10(root='./data', train=False,
                                       download=True, transform=transform)
testloader = torch.utils.data.DataLoader(testset, batch_size=8,
                                         shuffle=False, num_workers=2)

classes = ('plane', 'car', 'bird', 'cat',
           'deer', 'dog', 'frog', 'horse', 'ship', 'truck')
复制代码

定义网络

  • 其中需要定义网络、损失函数、优化器

class Net(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self):
        super(Net, self).__init__()
        self.conv1 = nn.Conv2d(3, 6, 5)
        self.pool = nn.MaxPool2d(2, 2)
        self.conv2 = nn.Conv2d(6, 16, 5)
        self.fc1 = nn.Linear(16 * 5 * 5, 120)
        self.fc2 = nn.Linear(120, 84)
        self.fc3 = nn.Linear(84, 10)

    def forward(self, x):
        x = self.pool(F.relu(self.conv1(x)))
        x = self.pool(F.relu(self.conv2(x)))
        x = x.view(-1, 16 * 5 * 5)
        x = F.relu(self.fc1(x))
        x = F.relu(self.fc2(x))
        x = self.fc3(x)
        return x

# 网络放到GPU上
net = Net().to(device)
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()
optimizer = optim.Adam(net.parameters(), lr=0.001)
复制代码

对网络进行训练


for epoch in range(10):  # 重复多轮训练
    for i, (inputs, labels) in enumerate(trainloader):
        inputs = inputs.to(device)
        labels = labels.to(device)
        # 优化器梯度归零
        optimizer.zero_grad()
        # 正向传播 + 反向传播 + 优化 
        outputs = net(inputs)
        loss = criterion(outputs, labels)
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()
        # 输出统计信息
        if i % 100 == 0:   
            print('Epoch: %d Minibatch: %5d loss: %.3f' %(epoch + 1, i + 1, loss.item()))

print('Finished Training')
复制代码

image.png

检测网络效果

outputs = net(images.to(device))
_, predicted = torch.max(outputs, 1)

# 展示预测的结果
for j in range(8):
    print(classes[predicted[j]])
复制代码

image.png 下列代码可以找出对应图像的分类标签并且进行检测,从而比对出准确率

image.png

correct = 0
total = 0

for data in testloader:
    images, labels = data
    images, labels = images.to(device), labels.to(device)
    outputs = net(images)
    _, predicted = torch.max(outputs.data, 1)
    total += labels.size(0)
    correct += (predicted == labels).sum().item()

print('Accuracy of the network on the 10000 test images: %d %%' % (
    100 * correct / total))
复制代码

image.png

猜你喜欢

转载自juejin.im/post/7019640975853092878

相关文章