问卷星自动填写python selenium脚本(2021vim版,亲测有效,看这一篇就够了)


前言

问卷星已经成为收集问卷的一个很重要的工具,有时可以用来报名参加活动,有时可以用来收集某些领域相关的情况,为了更快地填写问卷,特别是报名参加一些名额有限的活动的时候,或者批量填写问卷,可以利用python写个问卷星自助填写程序。


提示:以下是本篇文章正文内容,下面案例可供参考,码字不易,觉得有用的可以点赞收藏关注。

一、前期准备

我采用的是python的selenium模块,前期准备工作需要下载chrome驱动,然后要有python ide(如pycharm)
谷歌浏览器驱动链接
找到自己的谷歌浏览器版本下载就可以啦。谷歌浏览器的查看方式为:打开浏览器->…->设置->关于Chrome:
下载后,解压,打开放在Python的目录下面。

二、具体步骤

1.导入库与预定义变量

导入库,没有的就用pip自定义安装,预定义变量可以方便修改

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
import time
import random

#填写问卷星问卷的地址,2021年都是带vm字符偏多
urlip = "https://www.wjx.top/vm/xxxx.aspx"
#名字
name = "小红"
#性别
sex=2
#手机
phone = '18100000000'
#邮箱
Email = '[email protected]'

2.打开浏览器,防止识别为脚本

这里参考的是

https://blog.csdn.net/qq_45717425/article/details/119737648

    # 给出所需的url和option参数
    url_survey = (urlip)  # 根据需要填写url
    #防止被浏览器识别为脚本
    option = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
    option.add_experimental_option('excludeSwitches', ['enable-automation'])
    option.add_experimental_option('useAutomationExtension', False)
    driver = webdriver.Chrome(options=option)
    driver.execute_cdp_cmd('Page.addScriptToEvaluateOnNewDocument',
                           {
    
    'source': 'Object.defineProperty(navigator, "webdriver", {get: () => undefined})'})
    driver.get(url_survey)
    time.sleep(0.2)

3浏览问题,选择问题

1、首先找到每个问题,answers = driver.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, “.ui-field-contain”)
用answers存储每个问题,然后可以遍历问题,用i存储每个问题的序号

2、如何解析问题呢, 可以用title = answer.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, “.field-label”),
找到问题的标题,然后判断其中的问题是什么?

3、接着就找到选项,进行解析、选择,如果是填空类的,如姓名,可以使用send_keys

if (“姓名” in title.text or “名字” in title.text):
idfind=“q%d”%i
a = driver.find_element_by_id(idfind)
a.send_keys(name)
如果是选项类,如性别,要看按钮是什么类型,可以对每个选项进行解析
例如:
radios = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, “.ui-radio”)
可以存储每个按钮,然后遍历,找到想要的按钮,然后用click()函数去点击
for radio in radios:
j += 1
if (sex in (radio.text)):
radiofind = “//*[@id=‘div%d’]/div[2]/div[%d]/div” % (i, j)(这里是用xpath格式去找到按钮在哪)
print(radiofind)
driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()(这里可以点击按钮)
注意,用css_selector去找对应框时,要用F12开发者选项去看具体的是什么类型,才能确保找对,填空类可能有不同类型,如textarea。

    answers = driver.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-field-contain")
    i = 0
    for answer in answers:
        try:
            i+=1
            driver.execute_script("arguments[0].scrollIntoView();", answer)
            title = answer.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".field-label")
            print(title.text)
            ### 有选项
            if ("姓名" in title.text or "名字" in title.text):
                idfind="q%d"%i
                a = driver.find_element_by_id(idfind)
                a.send_keys(name)
            elif ("学号" in title.text ):
                idfind = "q%d" % i
                driver.find_element_by_id(idfind).send_keys(cardnumber)
            elif ("手机" in title.text or "电话" in title.text):
                idfind = "q%d" % i
                driver.find_element_by_id(idfind).send_keys(phone)
            elif ("性别" in title.text):
                idfind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[1]/div" % i
                print(idfind)
                driver.find_element_by_xpath(idfind).click()
                radios = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-radio")
                j = 0
                for radio in radios:
                    j += 1
                    if (sex in (radio.text)):
                        radiofind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[%d]/div" % (i, j)
                        print(radiofind)
                        driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()
            elif ("邮箱" in title.text or "mail" in title.text):
                idfind = "q%d" % i
                driver.find_element_by_id(idfind).send_keys(email)
            elif ("时间" in title.text ):
                radios = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-radio")
                j = 0
                for radio in radios:
                    print(radio.text)
                    j += 1
                    radiofind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[%d]/div" % (i, j)
                    print(radiofind)
                    driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()
                checks = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-checkbox")
                j = 0
                for radio in checks:
                    print(radio.text)
                    j += 1
                    radiofind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[%d]/div" % (i, j)
                    print(radiofind)
                    driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()
            else:
                ans = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-controlgroup")
                if ans:
                    print("ans:", ans)
                    lsans = random.choice(ans)
                    lsans.click()
                    continue
                inputtext = answer.find_element_by_css_selector("textarea")
                inputtext.send_keys('没有')
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)

4提交按钮,验证

找到提交按钮,提交,可能需要验证,最后如果是想出错了自己填写,可以加sleep函数,给自己时间填写,如果是批量填写,想要快速就不用。

    time.sleep(1)
    am = driver.find_element_by_xpath("//*[@id='ctlNext']")
    am.click()
    time.sleep(0.5)

    # 模拟点击智能验证按钮
    # 先点确认
    driver.find_element_by_xpath("//button[text()='确认']").click()
    # 再点智能验证提示框,进行智能验证
    driver.find_element_by_xpath("//div[@id='captcha']").click()
    print("end")
    time.sleep(100

全部代码

from selenium import webdriver
from selenium.webdriver.common.by import By
import time
import random

#填写问卷星问卷的地址
urlip = "https://www.wjx.top/vm/trZjDys.aspx"
#名字
name = "小红"
#学号
cardnumber="202130072021"
#性别
sex="女"
#手机
phone = '18100000000'
#邮箱
email = '[email protected]'

def auto():
    print("正在执行操作......")
    # 给出所需的url和option参数
    url_survey = (urlip)  # 根据需要填写url
    #防止被浏览器识别为脚本
    option = webdriver.ChromeOptions()
    option.add_experimental_option('excludeSwitches', ['enable-automation'])
    option.add_experimental_option('useAutomationExtension', False)
    driver = webdriver.Chrome(options=option)
    driver.execute_cdp_cmd('Page.addScriptToEvaluateOnNewDocument',
                           {
    
    'source': 'Object.defineProperty(navigator, "webdriver", {get: () => undefined})'})
    driver.get(url_survey)
    time.sleep(0.2)

    answers = driver.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-field-contain")
    i = 0
    for answer in answers:
        try:
            i+=1
            driver.execute_script("arguments[0].scrollIntoView();", answer)
            title = answer.find_element(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".field-label")
            print(title.text)
            ### 有选项
            if ("姓名" in title.text or "名字" in title.text):
                idfind="q%d"%i
                a = driver.find_element_by_id(idfind)
                a.send_keys(name)
            elif ("学号" in title.text ):
                idfind = "q%d" % i
                driver.find_element_by_id(idfind).send_keys(cardnumber)
            elif ("手机" in title.text or "电话" in title.text):
                idfind = "q%d" % i
                driver.find_element_by_id(idfind).send_keys(phone)
            elif ("性别" in title.text):
                idfind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[1]/div" % i
                print(idfind)
                driver.find_element_by_xpath(idfind).click()
                radios = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-radio")
                j = 0
                for radio in radios:
                    j += 1
                    if (sex in (radio.text)):
                        radiofind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[%d]/div" % (i, j)
                        print(radiofind)
                        driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()
            elif ("邮箱" in title.text or "mail" in title.text):
                idfind = "q%d" % i
                driver.find_element_by_id(idfind).send_keys(email)
            elif ("时间" in title.text ):
                radios = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-radio")
                j = 0
                for radio in radios:
                    print(radio.text)
                    j += 1
                    radiofind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[%d]/div" % (i, j)
                    print(radiofind)
                    driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()
                checks = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-checkbox")
                j = 0
                for radio in checks:
                    print(radio.text)
                    j += 1
                    radiofind = "//*[@id='div%d']/div[2]/div[%d]/div" % (i, j)
                    print(radiofind)
                    driver.find_element_by_xpath(radiofind).click()
            else:
                ans = answer.find_elements(By.CSS_SELECTOR, ".ui-controlgroup")
                if ans:
                    print("ans:", ans)
                    lsans = random.choice(ans)
                    lsans.click()
                    continue
                inputtext = answer.find_element_by_css_selector("textarea")
                inputtext.send_keys('没有')
        except Exception as e:
            print(e)
    time.sleep(1)
    am = driver.find_element_by_xpath("//*[@id='ctlNext']")
    am.click()
    time.sleep(0.5)

    # 模拟点击智能验证按钮
    # 先点确认
    driver.find_element_by_xpath("//button[text()='确认']").click()
    # 再点智能验证提示框,进行智能验证
    driver.find_element_by_xpath("//div[@id='captcha']").click()
    print("end")
    time.sleep(100)

if __name__ == '__main__':
    auto()

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转载自blog.csdn.net/DexiangPeng/article/details/121451375

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