Android-Navigation-底部导航栏-手把手教程

Navigation-底部导航栏

效果展示

在这里插入图片描述

1、导入依赖

dependencies {
    
    
    //Navigation
    def nav_version = "2.3.5"
    implementation "androidx.navigation:navigation-fragment:$nav_version"
    implementation "androidx.navigation:navigation-ui:$nav_version"
}

2、fregment

​ FirstFragment.class

public class FirstFragment extends Fragment {
    
    
    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container,
                             Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    
    
        return inflater.inflate(R.layout.fragment_first, container, false);
    }
}

​ fragment_first.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<FrameLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".Fragment.FirstFragment">

    <TextView
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:gravity="center"
        android:textSize="25pt"
        android:text="First" />

</FrameLayout>

SecondFragment、ThirdFragment仅文本显示不同,略过。

3、创建导航资源图

在这里插入图片描述

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<navigation xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/main_navigation"
    app:startDestination="@id/firstFragment">

    <fragment
        android:id="@+id/firstFragment"
        android:name="com.holloyi.bottomnavdemo.Fragment.FirstFragment"
        android:label="fragment_first"
        tools:layout="@layout/fragment_first" />
    <fragment
        android:id="@+id/secondFragment"
        android:name="com.holloyi.bottomnavdemo.Fragment.SecondFragment"
        android:label="fragment_second"
        tools:layout="@layout/fragment_second" />
    <fragment
        android:id="@+id/thirdFragment"
        android:name="com.holloyi.bottomnavdemo.Fragment.ThirdFragment"
        android:label="fragment_third"
        tools:layout="@layout/fragment_third" />
</navigation>

4、创建menu资源文件

在这里插入图片描述

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<menu xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item
        android:id="@+id/firstFragment"
        android:title="First"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_home_blue"/>
    <item
        android:id="@+id/secondFragment"
        android:title="Second"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_car"/>

    <item
        android:id="@+id/thirdFragment"
        android:title="Third"
        android:icon="@drawable/ic_calendar"/>
</menu>

5、MainActivity布局文件

activity_my_main.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<LinearLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:orientation="vertical"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
    <fragment
        android:id="@+id/nav_host"
        android:name="androidx.navigation.fragment.NavHostFragment"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="0dp"
        android:layout_weight="1"
        app:defaultNavHost="true"
        app:navGraph="@navigation/main_navigation"
        tools:ignore="FragmentTagUsage" />

    <com.google.android.material.bottomnavigation.BottomNavigationView
        android:id="@+id/bottom_nav_view"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        app:itemIconTint="@drawable/selector_bottom_nav_icon_color"
        app:itemTextColor="@drawable/selector_bottom_nav_icon_color"
        app:labelVisibilityMode="labeled"
        app:menu="@menu/bottom_nav_menu" />
</LinearLayout>

selector_bottom_nav_icon_color.xml,用于区分底部active和inactive状态

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<selector xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android">
    <item android:state_checked="true" android:color="@color/activity_toolbarbgd" />
    <item android:state_pressed="true" android:state_enabled="true" android:color="@color/activity_toolbarbgd" />
    <item android:color="@color/InactiveBottomNavIconColor" />
</selector>

6、MainActivity.class

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    
    

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    
    
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
        NavController navController = Navigation.findNavController(this,R.id.nav_host);
        BottomNavigationView navigationView = findViewById(R.id.bottom_nav_view);
        NavigationUI.setupWithNavController(navigationView,navController);
    }
}

git地址

https://gitee.com/Holloyi/bottom-nav-demo

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转载自blog.csdn.net/Best_me_wxm/article/details/122367663

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