Oracle-Rman validate

11g rman validate验证数据库
 
==========================
 
11g rman中增加validate来检查数据库状况
可以针对全库、控制文件、参数文件等进行验证

validate database;
validate datafile 3;
validate spfile;
validate current controlfile;
validate backupset xxx;
validate tablespace system;
 
======================

[[email protected] 2011_11_08]$ rman target /
Recovery Manager: Release 11.2.0.1.0 - Production on Tue Nov 8 11:08:39 2011
Copyright (c) 1982, 2009, Oracle and/or its affiliates.  All rights reserved.
connected to target database: DB11 (DBID=1298141643)
 
--全库验证
--结果包括所有文件的状态、是否有坏块、空块、使用量、以及scn
--同时还有文件中数据和索引各占用的块等信息
--全库验证的结果默认包含参数文件和控制文件
RMAN> validate database;
 
Starting validate at 08-NOV-11
using target database control file instead of recovery catalog
allocated channel: ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: SID=41 device type=DISK
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
input datafile file number=00001 name=/oracle/oradata/db11/db11/system01.dbf
input datafile file number=00002 name=/oracle/oradata/db11/db11/sysaux01.dbf
input datafile file number=00003 name=/oracle/oradata/db11/db11/undotbs01.dbf
input datafile file number=00004 name=/oracle/oradata/db11/db11/users01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:35
List of Datafiles
=================
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
---- ------ -------------- ------------ --------------- ----------
1    OK     0              13729        87041           877449    
  File Name: /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/system01.dbf
  Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
  ---------- -------------- ----------------
  Data       0              58037           
  Index      0              12168           
  Other      0              3106           
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
---- ------ -------------- ------------ --------------- ----------
2    OK     0              17402        60183           877455    
  File Name: /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/sysaux01.dbf
  Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
  ---------- -------------- ----------------
  Data       0              10067           
  Index      0              7025            
  Other      0              25666          
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
---- ------ -------------- ------------ --------------- ----------
3    OK     0              112          9600            877455    
  File Name: /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/undotbs01.dbf
  Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
  ---------- -------------- ----------------
  Data       0              0               
  Index      0              0               
  Other      0              9488           
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
---- ------ -------------- ------------ --------------- ----------
4    OK     0              481          640             749391    
  File Name: /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/users01.dbf
  Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
  ---------- -------------- ----------------
  Data       0              15              
  Index      0              2               
  Other      0              142            
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
including current control file for validation
including current SPFILE in backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
List of Control File and SPFILE
===============================
File Type    Status Blocks Failing Blocks Examined
------------ ------ -------------- ---------------
SPFILE       OK     0              2               
Control File OK     0              594             
Finished validate at 08-NOV-11
RMAN> validate datafile 3;
Starting validate at 08-NOV-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
input datafile file number=00003 name=/oracle/oradata/db11/db11/undotbs01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:03
List of Datafiles
=================
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
---- ------ -------------- ------------ --------------- ----------
3    OK     0              112          9600            877455    
  File Name: /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/undotbs01.dbf
  Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
  ---------- -------------- ----------------
  Data       0              0               
  Index      0              0               
  Other      0              9488           
Finished validate at 08-NOV-11

--验证参数文件
--比较简单
RMAN> validate spfile;
 
Starting validate at 08-NOV-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
including current SPFILE in backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:00
List of Control File and SPFILE
===============================
File Type    Status Blocks Failing Blocks Examined
------------ ------ -------------- ---------------
SPFILE       OK     0              2               
Finished validate at 08-NOV-11

 
--验证控制文件
--与参数文件类似
RMAN> validate current controlfile;
 
Starting validate at 08-NOV-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
including current control file for validation
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
List of Control File and SPFILE
===============================
File Type    Status Blocks Failing Blocks Examined
------------ ------ -------------- ---------------
Control File OK     0              594             
Finished validate at 08-NOV-11
 
--使用list命令可以将现存在catalog中的backupset列出
--根据列出的backupset key可以对backupset进行验证
 
RMAN> list backupset;

List of Backup Sets
===================

BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
4       Full    954.85M    DISK        00:01:26     08-NOV-11      
        BP Key: 4   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20111108T112236
        Piece Name: /oracle/flash_recovery_area/DB11/backupset/2011_11_08/o1_mf_nnndf_TAG20111108T112236_7ck83wn9_.bkp
  List of Datafiles in backup set 4
  File LV Type Ckp SCN    Ckp Time  Name
  ---- -- ---- ---------- --------- ----
  1       Full 878265     08-NOV-11 /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/system01.dbf
  2       Full 878265     08-NOV-11 /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/sysaux01.dbf
  3       Full 878265     08-NOV-11 /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/undotbs01.dbf
  4       Full 878265     08-NOV-11 /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/users01.dbf
BS Key  Type LV Size       Device Type Elapsed Time Completion Time
------- ---- -- ---------- ----------- ------------ ---------------
5       Full    9.36M      DISK        00:00:02     08-NOV-11      
        BP Key: 5   Status: AVAILABLE  Compressed: NO  Tag: TAG20111108T112236
        Piece Name: /oracle/flash_recovery_area/DB11/backupset/2011_11_08/o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20111108T112236_7ck86x1h_.bkp
  SPFILE Included: Modification time: 08-NOV-11
  SPFILE db_unique_name: DB11
  Control File Included: Ckp SCN: 878298       Ckp time: 08-NOV-11
 
 
RMAN> validate backupset 5;
 
 
Starting validate at 08-NOV-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: reading from backup piece /oracle/flash_recovery_area/DB11/backupset/2011_11_08/o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20111108T112236_7ck86x1h_.bkp
channel ORA_DISK_1: piece handle=/oracle/flash_recovery_area/DB11/backupset/2011_11_08/o1_mf_ncsnf_TAG20111108T112236_7ck86x1h_.bkp tag=TAG20111108T112236
channel ORA_DISK_1: restored backup piece 1
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished validate at 08-NOV-11
 
 
 
RMAN> validate tablespace system;
 
 
Starting validate at 08-NOV-11
using channel ORA_DISK_1
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
input datafile file number=00001 name=/oracle/oradata/db11/db11/system01.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:15
List of Datafiles
=================
File Status Marked Corrupt Empty Blocks Blocks Examined High SCN
---- ------ -------------- ------------ --------------- ----------
1    OK     0              13729        87041           878568    
  File Name: /oracle/oradata/db11/db11/system01.dbf
  Block Type Blocks Failing Blocks Processed
  ---------- -------------- ----------------
  Data       0              58037           
  Index      0              12168           
  Other      0              3106           
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting validation of datafile
channel ORA_DISK_1: specifying datafile(s) for validation
including current control file for validation
including current SPFILE in backup set
channel ORA_DISK_1: validation complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
List of Control File and SPFILE
===============================
File Type    Status Blocks Failing Blocks Examined
------------ ------ -------------- ---------------
SPFILE       OK     0              2               
Control File OK     0              594             
Finished validate at 08-NOV-11

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