linux 安装Nginx PHP

一、Nginx安装(yum源)
cd /etc/yum.repos.d
vi nginx.repo
[nginx]
name=nginx repo
baseurl=http://nginx.org/packages/centos/7/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=1
yum -y install nginx
rm -rf /etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf

二、安装PHP(编译安装)
1.下载PHP php-7.4.15
wget https://www.php.net/distributions/php-7.4.15.tar.gz

把它移动到usr/local文件下操作
mv php-7.4.15.tar.gz /usr/local/php-7.4.15.tar.gz

切换文件目录
cd /usr/local/

解压文件
tar --bzip -xvf /usr/local/php-7.4.15.tar.gz

切换文件目录
cd php-7.4.15

2.安装编译工具和库
yum -y install gcc gcc-c++
yum -y install libxml2-devel openssl-devel curl-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel libicu-devel freetype-devel openldap-devel openldap openldap-devel

3.创建用户组和用户
groupadd www
useradd -g www www

4.编译
./configure \
--prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
--with-fpm-user=www \
--with-fpm-group=www \
--with-curl \
--with-MySQL=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-freetype-dir=/user/local/freetype \
--enable-gd \
--with-gettext \
--with-iconv-dir \
--with-kerberos \
--with-libdir=lib64 \
--with-libxml-dir \
--with-mysqli \
--with-openssl \
--with-pcre-regex \
--with-pdo-mysql \
--with-pdo-sqlite \
--with-pear \
--with-png-dir=/user/local/libpng \
--with-jpeg-dir=/user/local/libjpeg \
--with-xmlrpc \
--with-xsl \
--with-zlib \
--with-zlib-dir=/user/local/zlib \
--with-bz2 \
--with-mhash \
--with-zip \
--enable-fpm \
--enable-bcmath \
--enable-libxml \
--enable-inline-optimization \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-mbstring \
--enable-opcache \
--enable-pcntl \
--enable-shmop \
--enable-soap \
--enable-sockets \
--enable-sysvsem \
--enable-sysvshm \
--enable-xml \
--enable-zip \
--enable-fpm

make
make install

5.报错处理
a.No package 'oniguruma' found

yum install oniguruma-devel

b.No package 'libzip' found
yum remove libzip
wget https://libzip.org/download/libzip-1.3.2.tar.gz
tar -zxvf libzip-1.3.2.tar.gz
cd libzip-1.3.2
./configure
make && make install

cd /usr/local/lib
export PKG_CONFIG_PATH="/usr/local/lib/pkgconfig/"指定PKG_CONFIG_PATH

6.nginx 配置
worker_processes 1;

#error_log logs/error.log;
#error_log logs/error.log notice;
#error_log logs/error.log info;
#error_log /usr/local/var/log/nginx/error.log warn;

#pid logs/nginx.pid;
#pid /usr/local/var/run/nginx.pid;

events {
worker_connections 256;
}

http {
include mime.types;
default_type application/octet-stream;

#kaiqi-default
#log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
#                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
#                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

#access_log  logs/access.log  main;
#access_log /usr/local/var/log/nginx/access.log main;

sendfile        on;
#tcp_nopush     on;

#keepalive_timeout  0;
keepalive_timeout  65;

#gzip  on;

client_max_body_size 10m;

server {
    listen       8080;
    server_name  localhost;

    #charset koi8-r;

    #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;

    location / {
        root   /usr/local/var/www;
        index index.html index.htm;     
    }

    #error_page  404              /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root   html;
    }

    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
    #
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
    #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        root           /usr/local/var/www;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #    deny  all;
    #}
}

# another virtual host using mix of IP-, name-, and port-based configuration
#
#server {
#    listen       8000;
#    listen       somename:8080;
#    server_name  somename  alias  another.alias;

#    location / {
#        root   html;
#        index  index.html index.htm;
#    }
#}

# HTTPS server
#
#server {
#    listen       443 ssl;
#    server_name  localhost;

#    ssl_certificate      cert.pem;
#    ssl_certificate_key  cert.key;

#    ssl_session_cache    shared:SSL:1m;
#    ssl_session_timeout  5m;

#    ssl_ciphers  HIGH:!aNULL:!MD5;
#    ssl_prefer_server_ciphers  on;

#    location / {
#        root   html;
#        index  index.html index.htm;
#    }
#}

server {
    listen       8081;
    server_name  develop.com;
    #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
    location / {
        root   /usr/local/var/www/develop;
        index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    }

    #error_page  404              /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    #error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    #location = /50x.html {
    #    root   html;
    #}

    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
    #
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
    #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        root           /usr/local/var/www/develop;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        index          index.php
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #    deny  all;
    #}
}

server {
    listen       8082;
    server_name  phpmyadmin.com;
    #access_log  logs/host.access.log  main;
    location / {
        root   /usr/local/var/www/phpmyadmin;
        index  index.php index.html index.htm;
    }

    #error_page  404              /404.html;

    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    #
    #error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    #location = /50x.html {
    #    root   html;
    #}

    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on 127.0.0.1:80
    #
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #    proxy_pass   http://127.0.0.1;
    #}

    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on 127.0.0.1:9000
    #
    location ~ \.php$ {
        root           /usr/local/var/www/phpmyadmin;
        fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
        index          index.php
        fastcgi_index  index.php;
        fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        include        fastcgi_params;
    }

    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #    deny  all;
    #}
}

include servers/*;
#include /usr/local/etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;

}

三、yum安装
yum仓库包升级更换成PHP7的rpm包
rpm -Uvh https://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/epel-release-latest-7.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh https://mirror.webtatic.com/yum/el7/webtatic-release.rpm

yum -y install php70w.x86_64 php70w-cli.x86_64 php70w-common.x86_64 php70w-gd.x86_64 php70w-ldap.x86_64 php70w-mbstring.x86_64 php70w-mcrypt.x86_64 php70w-mysql.x86_64 php70w-pdo.x86_64
yum -y install php70w-fpm php70w-opcache
systemctl start php-fpm
php -v

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转载自blog.51cto.com/14995121/2629467

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